Method: Pre-service PE teachers (N = 199) from six universities (115 males, 84 females, Mage = 19.89 years) and in-service teachers (N= 102) from around the US (29 males, 73 females, Mage= 46.35 years) completed surveys of Task (TO) and Ego (EO) goals, and diversity attitudes (Appreciate, Value, Implement, and Uncomfortable with Diversity).
Analysis/Results: Separate multiple regressions were run on the pre-service and in-service PE teachers; one for each of the diversity attitudes. Fisher’s Z test was used to compare the influence of goal orientation on each of the diversity attitudes between pre-service and in-service teachers. For Appreciate, the only significant predictor that emerged for in-service teachers was TO, which explained 19.7% of the variance. Similar results were found with pre-service teachers, with TO explaining 11.9% of the variance in Appreciating. For Valuing among in-service teachers, TO again emerged as the only predictor, explaining 8.6% of the variance. TO and EO were both predictors of Valuing among pre-service teachers, explaining a total of 8.5% of the variance between them. For Implementing, EO was the only significant predictor among in-service teachers, explaining 5% of the variance. For pre-service teachers, the regression revealed significant contributions of TO only, explaining 3.4% of the variance in Implementing. Finally, TO was the sole predictor among in-service teachers of being Uncomfortable. The negative relationship contributed 8.3% of the variance explained, while pre-service teachers’ attitudes towards being Uncomfortable were partially influenced by EO, explaining 5.1% of the variance. Fisher’s Z test revealed no significant differences in prediction models between in-service and pre-service teachers for all four diversity attitude constructs.
Conclusions: A mindset where one focuses on self-improvement was associated with valuing and acceptance of diversity in students’ thoughts and actions. Further research is needed on how TO is related to inclusive teaching practices and actions.