Participants included a sample of students in personal health courses. Students were divided into four groups, each receiving a different treatment (sleep education, sleep tracking, sleep education and sleep tracking, and control). Outcomes were assessed through a three day sleep recall and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) completed at the beginning and end of the 3 week treatment. Sleep education was delivered by a qualified health educator and all students received the same information.
Repeated measures analysis of variance revealed no statistically significant main effects. However, students receiving both treatments (recording sleep times and sleep education) increased their average sleep by over 50 minutes per night. Students receiving sleep education or recording sleep times independently displayed no significant change in amount or quality of sleep. This resulted in approximately 2.7 more hours of sleep per week more for students receiving both treatments. This suggests a multilevel approach may be best when addressing sleeping problems in populations of college students. Further implications and considerations for future sleep related research will be discussed.